Music and its violence
The effects of media violence exposure on criminal aggression a meta-analysis.
Music does not cause violence
Musiktherapeutische Umschau, 27 3 , — A music therapy anger management program for forensic offenders. In designing programs to challenge controlling and dominating behaviours Introduce critical appraisal of mainstream music that reinforces cultural norms that stereotype behaviours and underpin violence. New York: Pantheon. Amazingly, Investigations of best-practice prevention programs has shown that long-term programs are most likely to be effective Jewkes, et al. Psychodynamic music therapy is a relational model that seeks to repair damage to attachment through increased awareness of the unconscious responses to early experiences that have since become habitual Hadley, Viega, M. Implicit violent imagery processing among fans and non-fans of music with violent themes, Royal Society Open Science Therefore, when using music as part of a therapeutic encounter with a young person who has a history of violent behaviours it is essential to explore their existing relationship with music. Humanistic approaches. Ansdell, C. Keeping together in time: Dance and drill in human history. In order to determine whether the program has been successful it is necessary to design evaluation strategies that capture change in the right arena. Communication Research, 36, —
Evaluation of Programs Our emphasis on alignment between beliefs about the cause of violence and the type of music therapy program that is recommended also has implications for evaluation. Streeck-Fischer Ed. This means we also have to develop and use measurement instruments that are congruent to the aims of the programs, such as capturing change in relationships and psychological understandings that are not easy to objectively measure.
Violence in music statistics
Praxis- und Evaluationsberichte [Drumpower — Prevention of violence through music. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 24, However, many young people and adults find improvised musical experiences overwhelming McIntyre, and prefer to engage with more familiar musical material. Public Health Reports, 98, — Making human beings human: Bioecological perspectives on human development. Despite the fact that violent and aggressive behaviours are often connected to criminal behaviour and substance abuse, few of these authors have described addressing this particular issue. North, A.
Where music helps: Community music therapy in action and reflection. Prior research has shown that focusing on images in such a setup is a way to determine bias.
Structured activities can be designed that provide opportunities to rehearse new behaviours cognitive and emotionaland instrumental play can be used to learn how to regulate the expression of feelings. Working with the existing preferences of teenagers is likely to provide a motivating context for older students, and work by Priscilla Pek in Australia showed that a playlist creation project could stimulate interest and even be used as part of assessment in wellbeing programs McFerran, Challenging culturally reinforced assumptions about the ways that men and women relate to one another is not a short-term intervention.
Keeping together in time: Dance and drill in human history.
Music and its violence
For a more extensive evaluation of the music therapeutic programs it is very important to use a differentiated framework for research. Move between structured music making and free improvisation to increase the possibilities for young people to learn and exercise self-responsibility and spontaneous interaction. It may be effective to begin sessions with discussions about preferred music and then move into playing along with recordings or re-creating favourite songs. It would obviously be unsuitable to evaluate the usefulness of a program that aims to impact the broadest cultural systems by measuring change in the behaviour of individuals. Behrenbeck, S. The social and applied psychology of music. Explore further More information: Yanan Sun et al. Whether this makes the songs more honest expressions of adolescent angst or implicit invitations to indulge your worst impulses remains a subject of debate. Brown, J. Whilst increased expression of feelings might be useful within the therapy session, this can lead to negative consequences if the behaviour is taken back in to the classroom. We suggest this is due to our shared commitment to offer unconditional positive regard for the young people with whom we work, which is congruent with a humanistic theoretical orientation Abrams, Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 36 5 ,
These ideas are entirely congruent with a belief system that locates the cause of violence at multiple levels of the system. Bowlby, J.
Veltre, V. Pichon, I.
based on 42 review